Jersey Canada requires parentage tests in these situations:
- Registering a bull: Jersey Canada bylaws state that every male registered in the Canadian herdbook must have its parentage confirmed at the time of registration. The owner pays for parentage testing when registering a bull.
- Embryo donors: any Jersey cow that is flushed must have a parentage test completed before any calves resulting from embryos can be registered. The owner of the donor cow pays for the test.
- Registering an over-aged Jersey: any Jersey that is 18 months or older when they are registered must have a parentage test. The owner pays for testing over-aged animals.
- A calf born early or late: calves born more than 15 days too soon, or 15 days too late (considering the breeding date) may require a parentage test. Jersey Canada pays for the testing of calves born really early or really late.
- Random spot test: Jersey Canada randomly selects one in 300 AI or natural service calves, and 1 in 25 ET calves for a parentage test. These random tests are called “spot tests”. Jersey Canada pays for spot tests.
- Any time the owner isn’t 100% sure of the calf’s sire or dam: sometimes two cows calve at the same time, or a cow is bred to two different bulls, or a heifer is implanted with an embryo and then later rebred, or heifers are exposed to a bull before being confirmed pregnant. In these and similar situations where there is some chance that the expected mating may not be correct, Jersey Canada requires a parentage test of the calf. The owner pays for the test in this type of situation.
Genomic testing is a great tool to help you identify the unprofitable females much sooner. There is no minimum age for testing, so the earlier you cull the heifers that aren’t going to move your herd forward, the more rearing costs you save. This is the best way to make genomic testing work for you. Read more ...
- A submission form to record animal information of samples collected
- A paper envelope for each sample to be collected
- Marker or pen
- Scissors to cut off excess/dirty hair
- A clean comb or brush
Tail Hair Sample Procedure
- Clean the tail switch to remove any foreign material. Comb or brush the tail to remove any dead hair. If needed, wash, clean and rinse with water. Wait for the tail to be completely dry. The sample must be free of urine or manure. Dirty samples will not be processed. Contamination will make the sample unfit for testing.
- Select 5-10 tail hairs near the base of the tail switch and quickly pull hairs upward (against the grain of the roots). Visually inspect to ensure that hooked or bulbous roots are attached. Repeat until 20-30 hairs with roots have been pulled.
- Trim the ends opposite the roots to remove dirty, wet or excess hair. (Note: feces and urine in the hair can degrade the sample and make it unfit for DNA testing)
- Place the hair sample in a paper envelope. Use a separate envelope for each animals sample.
- Clearly label the envelope with the unique identity of the animal. Record the animal information on the submission form. The animals ID on the envelope must correspond to the animals ID on the submission form.
- To collect a sample from another animal, clean hands or put on a clean pair of surgical gloves and repeat the above steps.
- Place the envelope(s) along with the submission forms into a larger envelope and mail or express post the package to the appropriate lab.
Holstein Canada’s Genotype Request Form:
Phone: 1-855-756-8300 (ext 600) ~ Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lab: Holstein Canada, c/o Genomic Testing, P.O. Box 610, Brantford, ON, N3T 5R4
CLARIFIED Accredited Veterinarian and Zoetis:
Phone: 1-800-506-6683 ~ Email: email@example.com
Microsatellite Testing: obtain the ‘Cattle Submission Form’ from Quantum Genetix.
Phone: (306) 956-2071 ~ Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Lab: Quantum Genetix, Hwy 16E, Floral Road, Site 501, Comp 11, RR 5 Station Main, Saskatoon, SK, S7K 3J8
While it is true that most of the time Jersey owners are sure of whom the sire is, mix ups do happen. Sometimes the wrong straw is grabbed during insemination. Sometimes a cow is purchased in calf and no breeding information is supplied. Whatever the reason for parentage verification, SNP testing is a great option. If you would like to conduct parentage verification through SNP testing it is important to register the calf to be tested first. Holstein Canada and CDN are unable to correctly label samples without a registration number. If you are uncertain of the sire, use a ‘dummy’ registration number during registration, such as JECANM99999999. This way we will know something is different and can register the calf with an unknown sire after confirming the situation with you. Eventually results confirming parentage will be available from CDN and we can adjust the sire of the calf as necessary and send out the registration paper and a certificate confirming parentage. Registration fees will be charged before testing occurs. Holstein Canada will send an invoice for the GenoTest. After results are received, another SNP administration fee will be applied to your Jersey Canada account to cover the additional costs, including time, postage and updates to the database. This fee is only charged when parentage verification is necessary - not for every animal that SNP testing is conducted on.
If one of your animals has been selected for a spot test, a microsatellite kit will still be sent out, but you also have the option of sending a hair sample to Holstein Canada for SNP testing. If you would like to do this, simply let us know, pay the invoice and send us a copy of the invoice. We’ll add a credit to your Jersey Canada account in the amount of the test which can be used for future registrations, transfers, etc.